Located in the border between Argentina and Brazil, belong to the Iguazu river, Iguazu national park is one of the most world’s famous national parks. Coming here, tourists would have great chances to admire and explore the gorgeous natural scenery, including the massive Iguazu waterfall and the surrounding riverine tropical forests.
Iguazu national park has rich, diverse, and rare flora and fauna. There is a variety of birds, butterflies, palm trees, orchids, and many species of mammals such as jaguars, monkeys and tapirs … This is a huge conservation area consisting of more than 2000 plant species, 400 bird species, and wildlife. It is also the home to many rare and endangered plant and animal species including the giant otter and the giant anteater. In the forest, there are around 3000 Aboriginal people residing in old villages.
Iguaçu national park has an exceptional natural beauty and is one of the largest conservation area in South America. Therfore, it is the first national park proposed to be established in Brazil in order to preserve the natural environment and landscape to “future generations”. In the book named “Provinces of Paraná, Railway to Mato Grosso and Bolivia”, which is written in order to start up a conservation campaign for Iguazu waterfalls in 1876, Andre Rebouças, an engineer, decribed: “it was created by God”and “extremely beautiful, picturesque”, “an unmatched flora in this manificient Iguaçu waterfalls “…
The most noticable scenery in this national park is Iguazu waterfall, which divides the Iguazu River into 2 branches. A Spanish named Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca discovered these waterfalls in 1541. Then, it was “rediscovered” by Boselie in the late 19th century.
Iguazu Fall are taller and wider than Niagara Falls. The falls comprise of different cascades in various sizes spread in a horseshoe shape. Iguazu falls are the result of volcanic eruptions which left cracks in the earth. During the rainy season of November to March, the rate of water flow down the falls can reach up to 450,000 cubic meter per second. The Guarani natives call the falls “Iguazu” meaning “great water”. Legend has it that a God planned to marry a beautiful aborigine named Naipi, but this girl did not accept. She fled with her lover, and finally died on a boat . In rage, the God sliced the river into waterfalls to punish the lovers and comdemn them to an eternal fall. That is the legend for the formation of the Iguazu waterfalls. The Spanish was the first to discover these waterfalls in 1541.
Iguazu Falls has a total of 275 small cascades spread over 2.7 km of the Iguazu River. However, the most beautiful waterfall is the Devil’s Throat waterfall – a fall with U-shape, 82-meter high, 150-meter wide and 700-meter long. Two thirds of the falls in Iguazu waterfall system are located in Argentina. No words can describe the stunning beauty of all the waterfalls here. Another amazing thing of these falls is that among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, Iguazu falls offer the best panoramic view. The shape of the falls, together with their walkways, are built scientifically to allow visitors to observe the most spectacular scenery.
Drought is the first concern when these falls are mentioned. Drought happens annually, causing the level of water to drop low, and this phenomenon usually lasts a few weeks. When the water here recedes, basalt cliffs are revealed and they are worn by about 3 mm per year.
This natural paradise arouses in you many feelings of thrills and excitement. In order to observe the entire Iguazu waterfall located in two countries, the best way is to take a helicopter, airplane or perhaps, to sail between cascades. Standing on high levels, tourists can enjoy the unique beauty of the surrounding wild tropical forests and the manificient beauty of the Iguazu waterfall pouring from high cliffs into the abyss, creating extremely impressive bubbly white foams.
Argentina Iguazu national park and Iguazu waterfall were recognized as UNESCO Natural Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1987, respectively. Every year, this ideal tourist destination attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to go sightseeing and enjoy vacation. Standing on high levels, tourists can enjoy the unique beauty of the surrounding wild tropical forests and the manificent beauty of the Iguazu waterfall pouring from high cliffs into the abyss, creating extremely impressive bubbly white foams.
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